Tuscan Shipwreck Gives Clues of Ancient Eye Treatment


Archaeologists have retrieved medicinal tablets from a 2000-year old shipwreck, indicating that classical Mediterranean civilizations used sophisticated drugs.

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Stone Blades Suggest that Early Humans Passed on Technological Skills


Archaeologists have discovered some new stone blades from a cave from South Africa that seem to indicate that early humans were already quite adapt at crafting blades.

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Cooking Fueled the Growth of the Human Brain


A new study has calculated the energetic cost of growing a bigger brain. If humans had been eating a raw food diet exclusively, they would have had to spend more than 9 hours a day eating in order to get enough energy from unprocessed raw food alone to support their large brains.

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Beeswax Filling Dates from 6,500 Years Ago

A 6,500 year old tooth with a beeswax filling (within the yellow dotted line)

While there are plenty of new technologies going into dentistry, researchers have discovered an ancient 6,500-year-old tooth that provides one of the earliest examples of human dentistry.

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Geographically Close Neighbors Have Been Genetically Isolated for Thousands of Years


Hunter-gatherer and pastoralist tribes in sub-Saharan Africa, where humans are thought to have originated, even though linguistically close, belong to two different distinct genetic clusters.

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Jaw Structures of Fossils Seems to Suggest That Three Homo Species Roamed Africa Concurrently

homo rudolfensis specimen lower jaw
An upper skull found in 1972 and a newly discovered lower jaw are both thought to belong to the enigmatic hominin species Homo rudolfensis. F. Spoor

New evidence, presented as fossilized skulls, has been discovered that seems to imply that three different and distinct species belonging to the genus Homo existed between 1.7 million and 2 million years ago, during the Pleistocene epoch.

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North African Pottery Shards Suggest Yogurt Making Occurred 7,000 Years Ago


Scientists have discovered that North African people have been making yogurt for more than 7,000 years, thanks to an analysis of pottery shards which was published in the journal Nature. Yogurt left tell-tale traces of fat on the ceramic fragments, which suggests that it might have been a way for these people to tolerate milk as adults.

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Ancient Murals in Guatemala Offer Glimpse of Mayan Astronomy


Archaeologists have discovered the earliest evidence of the sophisticated astronomy and the time-keeping rituals of the ancient Mayan people, deep under the earth in the Guatemalan rain forest. The researchers led by David Stuart, anthropologist at the University of Texas in Austin, published their findings in the journal Science.

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Million-Year-Old Ash in South African Cave Yields Evidence of Cooking


Ash was discovered in a South African cave, and this indicates that humans were cooking with fire one million years ago. This is the earliest use of fire but experts say that more proof is needed to conclude that humans were cooking with fire regularly.

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Iceman Ötzi’s DNA Reveals Health Risks and Relations


Ötzi’s DNA has finally been sequenced. An international team published the almost complete DNA of the Iceman Ötzi from the Tyrolean Alps in the journal Nature Communications.

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