Tuscan Shipwreck Gives Clues of Ancient Eye Treatment

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Archaeologists have retrieved medicinal tablets from a 2000-year old shipwreck, indicating that classical Mediterranean civilizations used sophisticated drugs.

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Prolonged Drought Contributed to Maya Civilization’s Collapse

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The Maya civilization, which occupied much of modern-day Mexico and Central America, collapsed rapidly between 800 and 1000 AD. This collapse has often puzzled archaeologists. There hasn’t been a clear explanation for why the society collapsed, which was known for its sophisticated calendar system and pyramid construction.

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Easter Island Moai Statues Could Have “Walked” Out of Quarries

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A controversial new claim made by archaeologists states that the Easter Island moai statues could have walked out of the quarries in which they were made. The archaeologists demonstrated this feat with a 4.4-tonne model.

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Improved Estimates of DNA’s Mutation Rate Paint Clearer Picture of Human Prehistory

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Reconstruction of Homo heidelbergensis

Since the 1960s, DNA has changed the story of human ancestry. Some studies have shown that all modern humans are descended from ancestors who lived in Africa 100,000 years ago. Some new findings suggest that key events in human evolution contradict archeology.

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Exceptionally Preserved Brain Discovered Inside Waterlogged Pit

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A 2,684-year old human skull that included an exceptionally well preserved human brain was discovered in a waterlogged pit in Yorkshire, UK. The brain is the oldest known intact human brain from Europe and Asia, according to the authors of the study.

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European Cave Paintings Older Than Previously Thought, Might Have Been Painted by Neanderthals

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Some European cave paintings are older than previously thought, implying that Neanderthals might have been their creators rather than Homo sapiens. It’s not yet certain, but some of the earliest paintings that were dated raise interesting questions, including whether Neanderthals were painters.

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27-Foot Long Crocodylus Thorbjarnarsoni Roamed Kenya

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The remains of the largest crocodilian known to have existed, Crocodylus thorbjarnarsoni, were unearthed in the Turkana Basin, in Kenya. The large crocodile was big enough to swallow humans whole, and probably did as much two to four million years ago, from the mid-Pliocene to the early Pleistocene eras.

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Million-Year-Old Ash in South African Cave Yields Evidence of Cooking

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Ash was discovered in a South African cave, and this indicates that humans were cooking with fire one million years ago. This is the earliest use of fire but experts say that more proof is needed to conclude that humans were cooking with fire regularly.

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Previously Unknown Hominin Discovered In Denisova Cave in Siberia

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Excavation of Denisova Cave, a site overseen by the Russian Academy of Sciences, is an ongoing venture involving international teams of researchers

The Denisova Cave, perched high in the Altai Mountains of southern Siberia, has been a large natural shelter for humans and animals for tens of thousands of years. Buried deep in the cave sediments, scientists discovered genetic material from a previously unknown hominin, dubbed Denisovans, who inhabited a large area of Asia and, just like the Neanderthals, mated with modern humans.

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