One of the strangest moons in the Solar System is Saturn’s Iapetus, which features an enormous equatorial mountain ridge and spiky belt that rises 12 miles above the moon’s surface may have all been the result of a single impact.
Saturn’s odd mix of mid-sized satellites are among the strangest in the outer Solar System. With widely varying densities and locations, measuring between 300 to 1,500 kilometers in diameters, these moons have some distinctive characteristics. Some are made up almost completely of ice, and some are rockier and geologically active. Some even show evidence of submoons and rings.
Planetary scientists discovered unexpected and enormous ice avalanches on Saturn’s moon Iapetus, half of which is light-colored while the other is dark. Its mountains are 12 miles in height, which is twice the height of Mount Everest.
The Cassini-Huygens mission uncovered some strange phenomena on Saturn’s moon Enceladus. Located far from Sol and an unlikely candidate to find liquid water, scientists found that it actually shoots plumes of water into space.
As one of the coldest places in the solar system, Titan, Saturn’s largest moon, is also one of the most dynamic. A new collection of 13 studies about Titan reveal previously undetected craters, rivers, and have provided maps of its surface and interior.