Back in 2005, doctors at a remote hospital in the village of Tugela Ferry, South Africa, were puzzled when patients with HIV, who were initially responding well to antiretroviral drugs, began rapidly dying from tuberculosis.
The issue at hand is that the common badger, Meles meles, one of the largest predators left in the British Isles, while loved by the public, is a bane to farmers, as they infect cattle with bovine tuberculosis. The disease could cost the UK government $1.6 billion in control measures and compensation over the next decade.
According to a new study, more than 40% of tuberculosis infections that are resistant to front-line antibiotic treatments have also become resistant to some common backup drugs. Efforts to control tuberculosis are being hindered by the emergence of multi drug-resistant (MDR) strains, making it harder to combat.
Today the World Health Organization has released an updated report on the situation of drug-resistant tuberculosis around the world, and it’s reporting that drug-resistant TB rates are the highest ever recorded.
Contrary to what was previously believed, the earliest cases of the Totally Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (TDR-TB) were not the current 12 known cases reported in Mumbai or the 15 cases in Iran from 2009, but rather two middle-aged women from Italy, who died several years after first contracting the disease.